The universe is made of stories, not atoms,” the poet Muriel Rukeyser once stated. We are storytelling creatures. We use narrative to make sense of both ancient history and our daily experience.

Every culture has its own set of stories which informs our understanding of the world and our place in it, just like we each have our own personal mythology, the stories we tell ourselves about ourselves.

Even 40,000 years ago human beings told simple stories on the walls of caves, portraying their impressions and transmitting them through the ages.
Since the principle of storytelling is so much an essential part of what it means to be human we can tap into it to help us learn languages faster and more efficiently.

1. Virtual Reality Of The Mind

Human minds yield helplessly to the suction of story. No matter how hard we concentrate, no matter how deep we dig in our heels, we just can’t resist the gravity of alternate worlds. – Jonathan Gottschall

In the 1980s and 1990s, scientists at the University of Parma Italy made an interesting discovery by monitoring the brain activity of monkeys. What they found was that when a researcher, observed by the monkey, picked up a banana, the same neurons were activated as when the monkey picked up the banana itself.

These so called “mirror neurons” are a key component of the power of storytelling. They recreate a certain experience or action in our own brains just from observing it in another person.

This is why, when we read a great novel or watch an engaging movie, our brains sync with the story, causing us to experience the protagonist’s fear, sadness or joy as if it were our own.

2. The Chemistry Of Attention, Care & Distress

Stories are powerful because they transport us into other people’s worlds but, in doing that, they change the way our brains work and potentially change our brain chemistry — and that’s what it means to be a social creature. – Paul Zak

In the 1980s and 1990s, scientists at the University of Parma Italy made an interesting discovery by monitoring the brain activity of monkeys. What they found was that when a researcher, observed by the monkey, picked up a banana, the same neurons were activated as when the monkey picked up the banana itself.

These so called “mirror neurons” are a key component of the power of storytelling. They recreate a certain experience or action in our own brains just from observing it in another person.

This is why, when we read a great novel or watch an engaging movie, our brains sync with the story, causing us to experience the protagonist’s fear, sadness or joy as if it were our own.

By reading and listening to stories in a foreign language, we are not just learning about the target language and culture from the outside, we are actually experiencing it from within.

Pulled along by the arc of the narrative (we want to know what’s next) and rooting for its protagonists we can start recognizing patterns, picking up on phrases and pronunciation just as if we were in a real situation. It’s chemically induced VR produced directly between our ears, no expensive gear required.

3. Stories Make Us Feel Connected

According to Keith Oatley, Canadian novelist and professor emeritus of cognitive psychology at the University of Toronto, “people who read a lot of fiction tend to have higher levels of empathy and better social skills than those who don’t.”

A recent Harvard study seems to confirm this, as quoted in the Wall Street Journal:

“[…] reading fictional excerpts about individuals and groups of people heightened activity in a brain system known as the default network. This system is active when people are imagining hypothetical situations, such as the past or the future, or thinking about another person’s perspective. By contrast, reading fiction about physical places didn’t evoke the same response.

When brooding over conjugation sheets and declension tables it can be easy to forget that language is always embedded into specific social situations and culture. And we sometimes just don’t have ample opportunities to go out and practice the language we’re learning with actual people.

By reading stories in our target language we can recreate these social situations in our imagination and develop our communication skills in the safety of this “virtual reality”. It’s like being in a dream where it doesn’t matter to our brain if a situation is actually real or imagined: the same neurons are firing and the same chemicals are released.